If the house reflects the design era, then the modern architecture in the middle of the century is such a building. At that time, people believed that forward-looking style could be a tool for social change to create a better society. These houses were built between 1945 and 1980s and are characterized by flat, large glass windows and open spaces. They are simple and integrated with nature, encouraging residents to explore the world in new ways.
They were designed by the first generation of modern architects who escaped the rise of Nazi Germany, including Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, who later taught at the Harvard School of Design, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who led the Department of Architecture in Nazi Germany.
After the Second World War, new technologies and materials such as steel and plywood emerged, which were used in construction after the war.
John Entenza, the publisher of the influential “California Art and Architecture” magazine, launched the “Case Study House Project” in 1945 to create prototypes for post-war housing, which later became iconic buildings.
“The mid-century modernity was born after the war,” said Sian Winship, president of the Southern California Chapter of the Association of Architectural Historians. “These houses have open floor plans and huge sliding glass doors, which encourage people to go out and stay healthy. In traditional homes, the windows are 4 to 5 feet high and you can’t see them when you were a kid. The role of these glass walls Children become engaged and open-minded because the environment affects them in different ways.”
The architect Frank Lloyd Wright had trained mid-century modern architects like Richard Neutra and Rudolph Schindler, which was also a huge influence. She added: “It is great to see mid-century modernism being appreciated, because we are entering a period in which houses have been eligible for the National Register of Historic Places since the 1960s.
The geometric lines of the house are regular and precise. Flat roofs are common, although modern ranch-style houses have gable roofs.
Big glass windows
Sliding glass doors and other large glass panes allow light to enter the room from multiple angles.
Small steps up and down between the rooms will form a duplex space. Mid-century modern buildings may have partial walls or cabinets of different heights to create different depths in the space.
Fusion with nature
The rooms have multiple outdoor views or multiple access points, which can promote people’s appreciation of healthy life.
Fusion with nature:
Philip Johnson Glass House
This house in New Canaan, Connecticut was designed by architect Philip Johnson as his residence in 1949. Its interior space is separated by low walnut cabinets and a brick urn with bathroom. The house is managed by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and is located on a 47-acre estate overlooking the pond.
Neutra VDL Studio and residence
Architect Richard Neutra originally designed the 1933 research room in Silver Lake, the Netherlands, and obtained an interest-free loan from the Dutch philanthropist Dr. CH Van Der Leeuw. His benefactor named VDL Research Room. After a fire destroyed the original structure, Neutra rebuilt it in 1966, calling it a newer residence, VDL House II. Today, Sarah Lorenzen, assistant professor of architecture at Cal Poly Pomona, serves as the resident director, taking care and promoting the house through visits and activities, and raising funds for ongoing maintenance.
This 1951 house in Plano, Illinois was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and is known for its transparency and simplicity. The calm landscape of Fox River and surrounding trees, simple expressions and floating terraces make it one of the architect’s most famous works.
This 1960 house is famous for the classic photo of Julius Shulman, in which two well-dressed women enjoy cocktails in a glass house that seems to float over Los Angeles. It was created by Pierre Designed by Pierre Koenig and located in the Hollywood Hills.
The 1309 house, also known as John T. Moore Jr. House, was designed by local architect James Freret and combines Victorian and Italian interior and exterior elements. The 23-acre property is basically a smaller home complex, but the Felicity Block has some of the coolest homes in Los Angeles.
Actual situation: trouble and headache
Winship said: “The biggest enemy of modern houses is deferred maintenance.” “You must keep up with it. Wood must be varnished, painted or oiled. It will expand and contract due to heat, causing you to experience problems.
Winship added: “Medieval moderns have a reputation for leaking houses.” “Flat roofs should be kept free of leaves and debris. And have a good window washer. If you don’t wash them, they look bad.”